Using encrypted communication like Secure Sockets Layers (SSL) along with the clever use of recent news item as a social engineering lure is the perfect combination to penetrate and remain in a targeted entity’s infrastructure.
It didn’t take long for targeted attacks to use last week’s Boston Marathon bombing as a bait to trick predetermined users into opening malicious attachments. We found an email with a malicious attachment named The Prayer.DOC, urging recipients to pray for the victims of the tragic event.
Figure 1. Sample email leveraging Boston Marathon incident
The said attachment (MD5: 5863fb691dd5b3002c040fc7c535800f and detected as TROJ_MDROP.ATP) exploits the vulnerability in CVE-2012-0158 to drop the malicious executable file “iExplorer.exe” (MD5: 74a8269dd80d41f7c81e0323719c883c ) onto the target’s computer.
This malware, detected as TROJ_NAIKON.A, connects over SSL (port 443) to the domain name gnorthpoint.eicp.net which previously resolved to 126.96.36.199 but now resolves to 188.8.131.52.
The certificate is filled with spoofed information including the identity “donc” and the organization “abc”.
Figure 2. Screenshot of certificate with spoofed info