The TorrentLocker ransomware, which has been in a lull as of late, has recently come back with new variants that are using a new delivery mechanism that uses abused Dropbox accounts. This new type of attack is in line with our 2017 prediction that ransomware would continue to evolve beyond the usual attack vectors.Read More
CERBER is a ransomware family that has seen its share of unusual features since its appearance early last year. From its use of audio warnings, to the targeting of cloud platforms and databases, to distribution via malvertising, emailed scripting files, and exploit kits, CERBER has always been willing to keep up with the times, as it was. One reason for its apparent popularity may be the fact that it is sold in the Russian underground, giving a wide variety of cybercriminals access to it.
However, we’ve started seeing CERBER variants (which we detect as RANSOM_CERBER.F117AK) add a new wrinkle to their behavior: they have gone out of their way to avoid encrypting security software. How did they do this?Read More
2016 was the year when ransomware reigned. Bad guys further weaponized extortion into malware, turning enterprises and end users into their cash cows by taking their crown jewels hostage. With 146 families discovered last year compared to 29 in 2015, ransomware’s rapid expansion and development are projected to spur cybercriminals into diversifying and expanding their platforms, capabilities, and techniques in order to accrue more targets.
Indeed, we’ve already seen them testing new waters by tapping the mobile user base, and more recently developing ransomware for other operating systems (OS) then peddling it underground to affiliates and budding cybercriminals. Linux.Encoder (detected by Trend Micro as ELF_CRYPTOR family) was reportedly the first for Linux systems; it targeted Linux web hosting systems through vulnerabilities in web-based plug-ins or software such as Magento’s. In Mac OS X systems, it was KeRanger (OSX_KERANGER)—found in tampered file-sharing applications and malicious Mach-O files disguised as a Rich Text Format (RTF) documents. Their common denominator? Unix.Read More
In September 2016, we noticed that operators of the updated CRYSIS ransomware family (detected as RANSOM_CRYSIS) were targeting Australia and New Zealand businesses via remote desktop (RDP) brute force attacks. Since then, brute force RDP attacks are still ongoing, with both SMEs and large enterprises across the globe affected. In fact, the volume of these attacks doubled in January 2017 from a comparable period in late 2016. While a wide variety of sectors have been affected, the most consistent target has been the healthcare sector in the United States.Read More
Netflix has a 93 million-strong subscriber base in more than 190 countries, so it’s unsurprising that cybercriminals want a piece of the pie. Among their modus operandi: stealing user credentials that can be monetized in the underground, exploiting vulnerabilities, and more recently infecting systems with Trojans capable of pilfering the user’s financial and personal information.
What other purposes can stolen Netflix credential serve? Offer them up as bargaining chip to fellow cybercriminals, for instance. Or more nefariously, use them as lure to trick certain users into installing malware (and turn a profit in the process). If you’re planning to free ride your way into binge-watching your favorite shows on Netflix, think again. Your computer’s files may end up getting held hostage instead.Read More