It should not come as a surprise that company executives (particularly the CEO and President) and other revered high-level employees get to be impersonated often for criminal reasons. How can you say no when it’s the CEO asking? How can you not comply when it’s already the President specifically requesting? Gone are the days of the telltale signs of an email scam: glaring grammatical errors and outlandish stories about lottery winnings or royalty riches. Today, Business Email Compromise (BEC) scammers use this regard of authority to target internal employees who may deal with and handle the finance of the company: the Chief Financial Officers (CFOs).Read More
Since 2012, we’ve been keeping an eye on the IXESHE targeted attack campaign. Since its inception in 2009, the campaign has primarily targeted governments and companies in East Asia and Germany. However, the campaign appears to have shifted tactics and is once again targeting users in the United States.Read More
April last year, Pawn Storm reportedly compromised computers of the German Bundestag using data-stealing malware. This was the first documented political attack of Pawn Storm against Germany. One year later, this espionage actor group takes a swing once again.
In April 2016, we discovered that Pawn Storm started a new attack against the German Christian Democratic Union (CDU), the political party of the Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel.
The attack consisted of seemingly coordinated credential phishing attacks against the CDU and high profile users of two German freemail providers. A fake corporate webmail server of CDU was set up in Latvia for advanced credential phishing. Around the same time, three domains were created for credential phishing targeting high-profile individual users of two German free webmail providers. The main fake webmail server of CDU was set up in Latvia, but the free webmail credential phishing sites are on servers of the Virtual Private Server provider in the Netherlands we have discussed previously.Read More
We recently came across a cyber attack that used a remote access Trojan (RAT) called Lost Door, a tool currently offered on social media sites. What also struck us the most about this RAT (detected as BKDR_LODORAT.A) is how it abuses the Port Forward feature in routers. Using this feature enables remote systems to connect to a specific computer or service within a private local-area network (LAN). However, when used maliciously, this feature allows remote attackers to mask their activities in the network and avoid immediate detection. Because this RAT is easy to customize, even knowledge of the indicators of compromise (which may change as a result) may not be sufficient in thwarting the threat. Easily customizable RATs like Lost Door can be hard to detect and protect against, posing a challenge to IT administrators.Read More