Staple product offerings like online banking Trojans and tutorials for aspiring cybercriminals are still being peddled in the Brazilian underground market. While old crimeware remain the same, we observed that these young and brazen cybercriminals (two words that aptly describe the Brazilian cybercriminals of today), have switched communication platforms. After the temporary shutdown on WhatsApp last December, cybercriminals changed messaging tools to avoid unwanted attention from law enforcement agencies. Although this shift may be coincidental, the secure messaging features of Telegram, a cloud-based messenger similar to WhatsApp, may make it ripe for abuse.Read More
Cyber espionage campaigns against the mining industry are largely geared towards ensuring interest groups have access to the latest technical knowledge and intelligence so they can maintain competitive advantage and thrive in the global commodities market. In this blog post, we illustrate this pattern with the case of the attacks involving the Potash Corporation. By doing so, we will be able to identify the motivations and goals of attackers targeting a key mining company.Read More
Apart from understanding the ransomware tactics and techniques beyond encryption, it is equally important to understand how they arrive in the environment. Our recent analysis reveals that majority of ransomware families can be stopped at the exposure layer—web and email. In fact, Trend Micro has blocked more than 66 million ransomware-related spam, malicious URLs, and threats from January to May 2016.Read More
Ransomware behavior has been the talk of the town. We have seen oddly long ransom payment deadlines from GOOPIC, password stealing capabilities from RAA, chat support from the latest JIGSAW variant, and all these are just incidents discovered this June. But among these new behaviors, we came across a truly unique behavior in MIRCOP crypto-ransomware.
Detected as RANSOM_MIRCOP.A, MIRCOP places the blame on users and does not give victims instructions on how to pay the ransom. In fact, it assumes that victims already know how to pay them back.Read More
Early this year, we reported that in 2015, Angler came out as the top exploit kit, having contributed 59.5% in the total exploit kit activity for the year. Now, there’s barely any pulse left.
After the arrest of 50 people accused of using malware to steal US$25 million, it is interesting to note that Angler basically stopped functioning. With Angler’s reported inactivity, it appears that cybercriminals are scrambling to find new exploit kits to deliver malware. Angler had been the exploit kit of choice because it was the most aggressive in terms of including new exploits and it was able to apply a lot of antivirus evasion techniques such as payload encryption and fileless infection.Read More