Trend Micro detected a spam campaign that drops the same FlawedAmmyy RAT (remote access tool) used by a Necurs module to install its final payload on bots under bank- and POS-related user domains. The spam campaign was also found abusing SettingContent-ms – an XML format shortcut file that opens Microsoft’s Windows Settings panel. Malicious SettingContent-ms files were found embedded in a PDF document that drops the aforementioned RAT.Read More
Current data on the threat landscape of North America shows the need for a comprehensive and proactive approach to security. A traditional approach would be to build a threat response team. However, to be effective against current threats, a threat response team needs to have a considerable amount of skills, time, and resources, which may not be feasible for some organizations. This is only exacerbated by the daily tasks associated with keeping the business up and running. If treated as just a part of the broader job of regular IT staff, threat management can prove overwhelming, as it includes vulnerability assessment, patching, firmware upgrades, vendor management, intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDS/IPS) and firewall monitoring, and other specialized focus areas. And even if enterprises were willing to allot people to react to security incidents, the sheer volume of events and the time-consuming tasks of prioritizing and analyzing them often prove too much to handle.
These could be handled better by security professionals especially focused on threats — an advantage that managed detection and response (MDR) can bring to organizations. MDR provides advanced threat hunting services, faster alert prioritization, root cause analysis, detailed research, and a remediation plan that empowers organizations with better ability to respond to sophisticated attacks, examples of which have been found throughout North America for the second quarter of 2018.Read More
We discovered a new exploit kit we named Underminer that employs capabilities used by other exploit kits to deter researchers from tracking its activity or reverse engineering the payloads. Underminer delivers a bootkit that infects the system’s boot sectors as well as a cryptocurrency-mining malware named Hidden Mellifera. Underminer transfers malware via an encrypted transmission control protocol (TCP) tunnel and packages malicious files with a customized format similar to ROM file system format (romfs). These make the exploit kits and its payload challenging to analyze.Read More
Recently, we found a new exploit using port 5555 after detecting two suspicious spikes in activity on July 9-10 and July 15. In this scenario, the activity involves the command line utility called Android Debug Bridge (ADB), a part of the Android SDK that handles communication between devices that also allows developers to run and debug apps on Android devices.Read More
Blackgear (also known as Topgear and Comnie) is a cyberespionage campaign dating back to 2008, at least based on the Protux backdoor used by its operators. It targets organizations in Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan, leveling its attacks on public sector agencies and telecommunications and other high-technology industries. In 2016, for instance, we found their campaigns attacking Japanese organizations with various malware tools, notably the Elirks backdoor. Blackgear’s operators are well-organized, developing their own tools, which we observed to have been recently fine-tuned, based on their latest attacks.Read More