Cybercrime takes on many forms, but one of the long-standing tactics attackers use is web defacement – the process of compromising and vandalizing a website. Typically, these attackers – known as web defacers – replace the original page with their own version, boldly stating a political or social message. This is not a new phenomenon, but it is an enduring one. The data we’ve analyzed goes back almost two decades, and we’ve seen how the process of web defacement is still being used nowadays.Read More
A few months ago, we covered the ChessMaster cyberespionage campaign, which leveraged a variety of toolsets and malware to compromise its targets—primarily organizations in Japan. A few weeks ago, we observed new activity from ChessMaster, with notable evolutions in terms of new tools and tactics that weren’t present in the initial attacks.Read More
We covered iXintpwn/YJSNPI in a previous blog post and looked into how it renders an iOS device unresponsive by overflowing it with icons. This threat comes in the form of an unsigned profile that crashes the standard application that manages the iOS home screen when installed. The malicious profile also exploits certain features to make iXintpwn/YJSNPI more difficult to uninstall.
We recently discovered a new variant of iXintpwn/YJSNPI (detected by Trend Micro as IOS_YJSNPI.A) that uses a signed profile to conduct different attacks compared to its predecessor. IOS_YJSNPI.A is extracted from either of the two app stores—hxxp://m[.]3454[.]com and hxxp://m[.]973[.]com. Based on our analysis, this new variant’s main purpose is not to damage users’ operating systems, but to lure users into downloading repackaged apps.Read More
A new ransomware is being distributed by the Magnitude exploit kit: Magniber (detected by Trend Micro as RANSOM_MAGNIBER.A), which we found targeting South Korea via malvertisements on attacker-owned domains/sites. The development in Magnitude’s activity is notable not only because it eschewed Cerber—its usual ransomware payload—in favor of Magniber. Magnitude now also appears to have become an exploit kit expressly targeting South Korean end users.
The Magnitude exploit kit, which previously had a global reach, was offered as a service in the cybercriminal underground as early as 2013. It then left the market and became a private exploit kit that mainly distributed ransomware such as CryptoWall. At the start of the second half of 2016, Magnitude shifted focus to Asian countries, delivering various ransomware such as Locky and Cerber. More recently though, we noticed that Magnitude underwent a hiatus that began on September 23, 2017, and it then returned on October 15. With help from Kafeine and malc0de, we were able to uncover Magnitude’s new payload, Magniber.Read More