MuddyWater is a well-known threat actor group that has been active since 2017. They have regularly targeted various organizations in Middle East and Central Asia, primarily using spear phishing emails with malicious attachments. We recently observed a few interesting delivery documents with similarities to the known MuddyWater tools, techniques and procedures.Read More
A small webhosting provider with servers in the Netherlands and Romania has been a hotbed of targeted attacks and advanced persistent threats (APT) since early 2015. Starting from May 2015 till today we counted over 100 serious APT incidents that originated from servers of this small provider. Pawn Storm used the servers for at least 80 high profile attacks against various governments in the US, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. Formally the Virtual Private Server (VPS) hosting company is registered in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). But from public postings on the Internet, it is apparent that the owner doesn’t really care about laws in UAE. In fact, Pawn Storm and another APT group, attacked the government of UAE using servers of the VPS provider through highly targeted credential phishing. Other threat actors like DustySky (also known as the Gaza hackers) are also regularly using the VPS provider to host their Command and Control (C&C) servers and to send spear phishing e-mails.Read More
Trend Micro researchers have discovered that the attackers behind Pawn Storm are using a new Adobe Flash zero-day exploit in their latest campaign. Pawn Storm is a long-running cyber-espionage campaign known for its high-profile targets and usage of the first Java zero-day we’ve seen in the last couple of years.
In this most recent campaign, Pawn Storm targeted several foreign affairs ministries from around the globe. The targets received spear phishing e-mails that contained links leading to the exploit. The emails and URLs were crafted to appear like they lead to information about current events.Read More
The just-released Patch Tuesday for December includes a fix for the actively exploited Win32k Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability (CVE-2018-8611). The flaw allows an attacker to exploit a bug in the Windows Kernel and run arbitrary code to install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. It is also pointed out as likely being used with other bugs in targeted attacks.Read More
We recently found a malware that abuses two legitimate Windows files — the command line utility wmic.exe and certutil.exe, a program that manages certificates for Windows — to download its payload onto the victim’s device. What’s notable about these files is that they are also used to download other files as part of its normal set of features, making them susceptible to abuse for malicious purposes.Read More