We have been observing a malvertising campaign via Rig exploit kit delivering a cryptocurrency-mining malware and the GandCrab ransomware since July 25. On August 1, we found Rig’s traffic stream dropping a then-unknown ransomware. Delving into this seemingly new ransomware, we checked its ransom payment page in the Tor network and saw it was called Princess Evolution (detected by Trend Micro as RANSOM_PRINCESSLOCKER.B), and was actually a new version of the Princess Locker ransomware that emerged in 2016. Based on its recent advertisement in underground forums, it appears that its operators are peddling Princess Evolution as a ransomware as a service (RaaS) and are looking for affiliates.Read More
Necurs, a botnet malware that’s been around since 2012, has been improved with the hopes of better defeating cybersecurity measures — it was seen to evolve its second layer of infection using a .URL file (with remote script downloaders detected by Trend Micro as MAL_CERBER-JS03D, MAL_NEMUCOD-JS21B, VBS_SCARAB.SMJS02, and MAL_SCARAB-VBS30.
Necurs, a modular malware with variants that are capable of spam distribution, information theft, and disabling security services and elements, has been in around since 2012, propagating in the wild via the Necurs botnet.Read More
We encountered a few interesting samples of a file-encoding ransomware variant implemented entirely in VBA macros called qkG (detected by Trend Micro as RANSOM_CRYPTOQKG.A). It’s a classic macro malware infecting Microsoft Word’s Normal template (normal.dot template) upon which all new, blank Word documents are based.
Further scrutiny into qkG also shows it to be more of an experimental project or a proof of concept (PoC) rather than a malware actively used in the wild. This, however, doesn’t make qkG less of a threat.Read More
Ransomware has been one of the most prevalent, prolific, and pervasive threats in the 2017 threat landscape, with financial losses among enterprises and end users now likely to have reached billions of dollars. Locky ransomware, in particular, has come a long way since first emerging in early 2016. Despite the number of times it apparently spent in hiatus, Locky remains a relevant and credible threat given its impact on end users and especially businesses. Our detections show that it’s making another comeback with new campaigns.
A closer look at the file-encrypting malware’s activities reveals a constant: the use of spam. While they remain a major entry point for ransomware, Locky appears to be concentrating its distribution through large-scale spam campaigns of late, regardless of the variants released by its operators/developers.Read More
A new ransomware is being distributed by the Magnitude exploit kit: Magniber (detected by Trend Micro as RANSOM_MAGNIBER.A), which we found targeting South Korea via malvertisements on attacker-owned domains/sites. The development in Magnitude’s activity is notable not only because it eschewed Cerber—its usual ransomware payload—in favor of Magniber. Magnitude now also appears to have become an exploit kit expressly targeting South Korean end users.
The Magnitude exploit kit, which previously had a global reach, was offered as a service in the cybercriminal underground as early as 2013. It then left the market and became a private exploit kit that mainly distributed ransomware such as CryptoWall. At the start of the second half of 2016, Magnitude shifted focus to Asian countries, delivering various ransomware such as Locky and Cerber. More recently though, we noticed that Magnitude underwent a hiatus that began on September 23, 2017, and it then returned on October 15. With help from Kafeine and malc0de, we were able to uncover Magnitude’s new payload, Magniber.Read More