Concerns about privacy on the Internet have always been out there, but news events of late seem to be bringing this problem more and more into the public eye.
It’s not just search engines themselves falling under watch for privacy problems. Early in February, the popular Path and Hipster apps were discovered to be uploading user address books to their servers. Later on, it was discovered that both iOS and Android suffered from problems that allowed apps access to user photos even if they had not granted that particular permission.
So far, there really hasn’t been a good set of guidelines that companies holding our data could be held accountable to and asked to follow. Essentially, companies with access to our private data were left to their own devices when it came to treating that data – with predictable consequences to our privacy.
In February, it was announced that many advertising networks and leading Internet companies such as AOL, Google, Microsoft, and Yahoo have all agreed to implement the Do Not Track feature: essentially, it stops websites (and advertising networks) from tracking users. This blocks certain practices used by advertisers, such as personalized advertising. (We discussed personalized advertising earlier on our ebook Be Privy to Online Privacy.)
This was in line with a White House blueprint for what it called a “Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights”. The set of principles that the white paper includes are all sound and, frankly, common sense: they give user’s online data the same set of protections that they should have offline. Fundamentally, the US approach calls for Internet companies and industries to voluntarily adopt regulations which are then enforced by regulatory agencies.
Does this mean that users no longer have to worry about their privacy, that advertisers and website owners will no longer abuse what they know about users? Sadly, that is far from being the case
The Do Not Track announcement was not about anything that could be immediately implemented. How Do Not Track will actually be implemented – and thus, whether it actually works – is not yet entirely clear. In short, it will take some time for Do Not Track to actually be something that users can turn on.
User concern about tracking and personal privacy is very real. A Pew Research poll found that almost two-thirds of American search engine users disapproved of personalized search results. A similar number had negative views on targeted advertising. A separate study by the University of Queensland found similar attitudes among Australian users. Clearly, users have serious concerns about what kind of information is gathered about them, and how this information is being used.
The debate over privacy in the digital age will, no doubt, continue. Different people will have different standards for what they consider the acceptable trade-off between convenience and privacy is. Users should be free, however, to make that decision for themselves – and to have the information and tools to decide where their data will end up going.