For a while now, Trend Micro has focused its efforts on covering ATM malware, especially new families that come up with features that stealthily target banking customers. In this blog post, we’re going to cover two that have recently come to our attention: Prilex and Cutlet Maker. Each of them is interesting in their own right, but for different reasons.Read More
Infecting automated teller machines (ATMs) with malware is nothing new. It’s concerning, yes. But new? Not really. We’ve been seeing physical attacks against ATMs since 2009. By physical, we mean opening the target machine’s casing, accessing the motherboard and connecting USB drives or CD-ROMs in order to infect the operating system. Once infected, the ATM is at the attackers’ mercy, which normally means that they are able to empty the money cassettes and walk away with fully loaded wallets. In 2016, we released a joint paper with Europol’s European Cybercrime Centre (EC3) that discussed the shift from physical to digital means of emptying an ATM and described the different ATM malware families that had been seen in the wild by then.
What has happened since? On top of many more malware families entering the landscape – something that was expected in these cases – there is one new development we forecast that unfortunately has come to pass: Attackers have started infecting ATMs with malware through the network. Five distinct incidents of network-based ATM malware attacks have already been reported in the media, and we believe this to be significant because it shows how cybercriminals have had ATMs firmly in their crosshairs.Read More
Trend Micro has discovered a new family of ATM malware called Alice, which is the most stripped down ATM malware family we have ever encountered. Unlike other ATM malware families, Alice cannot be controlled via the numeric pad of ATMs; neither does it have information stealing features. It is meant solely to empty the safe of ATMs. We detect this new malware family as BKDR_ALICE.A.Read More
Last August , security researchers released a blog discussing a new ATM malware family called Ripper which they believe was involved in the recent ATM attacks in Thailand. Large numbers of ATMs were also temporarily shut down as a precautionary measure.
During our analysis we noticed some additional details that where not called out, or which appear to contradict this earlier analysis. We highlight these differences in this blog post. We have also included technical indicators such as code offsets where possible for other researchers to follow on from our work.Read More
Automated Teller Machines (ATM) are no longer just affected by the physical attempt of emptying the money safe. Now logical attacks on ATMs are slowly being recognized as an emerging threat by the security industry and law enforcement agencies. ATM malware had been detected by various researchers for a few years now and we have already seen incidents of their successful use. For this type of crime, malware, specifically targeting ATMs, is employed. The shift to the digital means of attack reveals a realization among criminal groups–that the use of malware is an easier and safer way to steal money and card information from ATMs. This tendency will only grow in the future and should make us mindful of the different pathways criminal groups have gained access to and have created for themselves.Read More