We uncovered an operation of a hacking group, which we’re naming “Outlaw” (translation derived from the Romanian word haiduc, the hacking tool the group primarily uses), involving the use of an IRC bot built with the help of Perl Shellbot. The group distributes the bot by exploiting a common command injection vulnerability on internet of things (IoT) devices and Linux servers. Further research indicates that the threat can also affect Windows-based environments and even Android devices.Read More
Through our incident response-related monitoring, we observed intrusion attempts whose indicators we’ve been able to correlate to a previous cryptocurrency-mining campaign that used the JenkinsMiner malware. The difference: this campaign targets Linux servers. It’s also a classic case of reused vulnerabilities, as it exploits a rather outdated security flaw whose patch has been available for nearly five years.
Feedback from Trend Micro’s Smart Protection Network indicates it’s an active campaign, primarily affecting Japan, Taiwan, China, the U.S., and India.Read More
The Linux vulnerability called Dirty COW (CVE-2016-5195) was first disclosed to the public in 2016. The vulnerability was discovered in upstream Linux platforms such as Redhat, and Android, which kernel is based on Linux. It is categorized as a serious privilege escalation flaw that allows an attacker to gain root access on the targeted system. Dirty COW attacks on Android has been silent since its discovery, perhaps because it took attackers some time to build a stable exploit for major devices. Almost a year later, Trend Micro researchers captured samples of ZNIU (detected as AndroidOS_ZNIU)—the first malware family to exploit the vulnerability on the Android platform.Read More
August’s Android Security Bulletin includes three file system vulnerabilities (CVE-2017-10663, CVE-2017-10662, and CVE-2017-0750 that were discovered by Trend Micro researchers. These vulnerabilities could cause memory corruption on the affected devices, leading to code execution in the kernel context. This would allow for more data to be accessed and controlled by the malware. A malicious app could be used to trigger this vulnerability, which occurs when a malicious disk using the F2FS (Flash-Friendly File System) is mounted. The disk can either be an actual physical device or a virtual file image.Read More
On June 10, South Korean web hosting company NAYANA was hit by Erebus ransomware (detected by Trend Micro as RANSOM_ELFEREBUS.A), infecting 153 Linux servers and over 3,400 business websites the company hosts.
In a notice posted on NAYANA’s website last June 12, the company shared that the attackers demanded an unprecedented ransom of 550 Bitcoins (BTC), or US$1.62 million, in order to decrypt the affected files from all its servers.
Erebus was first seen on September 2016 via malvertisements and reemerged on February 2017 and used a method that bypasses Windows’ User Account Control. Here are some of the notable technical details we’ve uncovered so far about Erebus’ Linux version.Read More