We found a new modular fileless botnet malware, which we named “Novter,” (also reported and known as “Nodersok” and “Divergent”) that the KovCoreG campaign has been distributing since March. We’ve been actively monitoring this threat since its emergence and early development, and saw it being frequently updated. KovCoreG, active since 2011, is a long-running campaign known for using the Kovter botnet malware, which was distributed mainly through malvertisements and exploit kits. Kovter has been involved in click fraud operations since 2015, using fraudulent ads that have reportedly cost businesses more than US$29 million. The botnet was taken down at the end of 2018 through concerted efforts by law enforcement and cybersecurity experts, including Trend Micro.Read More
After looking into the recent variant of the Glupteba dropper delivered from a malvertising attack, we found that the dropper downloaded two undocumented components aside from the Glupteba malware—a browser stealer and a router exploiter. Another notable feature is that the malware can now also update its command and control server address using data from bitcoin transactions.Read More
We’ve uncovered a new exploit kit in the wild through a malvertising campaign we’ve dubbed “ProMediads”. We call this new exploit kit Sundown-Pirate, as it’s indeed a bootleg of its precursors and actually named so by its back panel.
ProMediads has been active as early as 2016, employing Rig and Sundown exploit kits to deliver malware. Its activities dropped off in mid-February this year, but suddenly welled on June 16 via Rig. However, we noticed that ProMediads eschewed Rig in favor of Sundown-Pirate on June 25.
It’s worth noting that Sundown-Pirate is only employed by ProMediads so far. This could mean that it’s yet another private exploit kit, like the similarly styled GreenFlash Sundown exploit kit that was exclusively used by the ShadowGate campaign.Read More
At the end of April this year, we found Astrum exploit kit employing Diffie-Hellman key exchange to prevent monitoring tools and researchers from replaying their traffic. As AdGholas started to push the exploit, we saw another evolution: Astrum using HTTPS to further obscure their malicious traffic. We spotted a new AdGholas malvertising campaign using the…Read More
Exploiting CVE-2016-3298 enables attackers to check for specific antivirus (AV) software installed in the system in order to avoid AV detection and threat research/analysis. This sounds innocuous, but determining if the system is unsecure eases—and even automates—the undertaking of sneaking malware into it.Read More