After looking into the recent variant of the Glupteba dropper delivered from a malvertising attack, we found that the dropper downloaded two undocumented components aside from the Glupteba malware—a browser stealer and a router exploiter. Another notable feature is that the malware can now also update its command and control server address using data from bitcoin transactions.Read More
We’ve uncovered a new exploit kit in the wild through a malvertising campaign we’ve dubbed “ProMediads”. We call this new exploit kit Sundown-Pirate, as it’s indeed a bootleg of its precursors and actually named so by its back panel.
ProMediads has been active as early as 2016, employing Rig and Sundown exploit kits to deliver malware. Its activities dropped off in mid-February this year, but suddenly welled on June 16 via Rig. However, we noticed that ProMediads eschewed Rig in favor of Sundown-Pirate on June 25.
It’s worth noting that Sundown-Pirate is only employed by ProMediads so far. This could mean that it’s yet another private exploit kit, like the similarly styled GreenFlash Sundown exploit kit that was exclusively used by the ShadowGate campaign.Read More
At the end of April this year, we found Astrum exploit kit employing Diffie-Hellman key exchange to prevent monitoring tools and researchers from replaying their traffic. As AdGholas started to push the exploit, we saw another evolution: Astrum using HTTPS to further obscure their malicious traffic. We spotted a new AdGholas malvertising campaign using the…Read More
Exploiting CVE-2016-3298 enables attackers to check for specific antivirus (AV) software installed in the system in order to avoid AV detection and threat research/analysis. This sounds innocuous, but determining if the system is unsecure eases—and even automates—the undertaking of sneaking malware into it.Read More
In July 2016, we worked with @kafeine of Proofpoint to help bring down the AdGholas malvertising campaign. This campaign started operating in 2015, which affected a million users per day during its peak before it was shut down earlier this year. It used the Angler and Neutrino exploit kits to attack victims. It also used steganography to hide malicious code within a picture.
In the process of working on this campaign, we found and analyzed an information disclosure vulnerability in both Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge. We worked with Microsoft to address this flaw, named as CVE-2016-3351. Previously considered as a zero-day vulnerability, this issue was fixed in MS16-104 for Internet Explorer and MS16-105 for Edge, which was released though a patch earlier this week.Read More