Currently, cryptocurrency miners are heavily used by malware—we’ve seen miners injected onto ad platforms, on popular mobile devices, and servers. Malware creators change payloads to maximize their chances to make a profit, and in this volatile cryptocurrency landscape, they seem committed to integrating miners into their arsenal. We are now also seeing binary infectors using miners to suit their needs.Read More
The Trend Micro Cyber Safety Solutions team has been tracking a potentially unwanted app (PUA) distribution campaign that installs PUA software downloaders. During our research, we found that some of these distributors started pushing malware along with PUAs in late 2017. In this post we focus on one of the older PUA software downloaders called ICLoader (also called FusionCore and detected by Trend Micro as PUA_ICLOADER). Different reports identified it as a PUA software downloader because it installed adware or unwanted software.Read More
We encountered a few interesting samples of a file-encoding ransomware variant implemented entirely in VBA macros called qkG (detected by Trend Micro as RANSOM_CRYPTOQKG.A). It’s a classic macro malware infecting Microsoft Word’s Normal template (normal.dot template) upon which all new, blank Word documents are based.
Further scrutiny into qkG also shows it to be more of an experimental project or a proof of concept (PoC) rather than a malware actively used in the wild. This, however, doesn’t make qkG less of a threat.Read More
Ransomware has been one of the most prevalent, prolific, and pervasive threats in the 2017 threat landscape, with financial losses among enterprises and end users now likely to have reached billions of dollars. Locky ransomware, in particular, has come a long way since first emerging in early 2016. Despite the number of times it apparently spent in hiatus, Locky remains a relevant and credible threat given its impact on end users and especially businesses. Our detections show that it’s making another comeback with new campaigns.
A closer look at the file-encrypting malware’s activities reveals a constant: the use of spam. While they remain a major entry point for ransomware, Locky appears to be concentrating its distribution through large-scale spam campaigns of late, regardless of the variants released by its operators/developers.Read More
In the beginning of September, a sizeable spam campaign was detected distributing a new Locky variant. Locky is a notorious ransomware that was first detected in the early months of 2016 and has continued to evolve and spread through different methods, particularly spam mail. A thorough look at samples from recent campaigns shows that cybercriminals are using sophisticated distribution methods, affecting users in more than 70 countries.
In the specific campaigns discussed below, both Locky and the ransomware FakeGlobe were being distributed—but the two were rotated. The cybercriminals behind the campaign designed it so that clicking on a link from the spam email might deliver Locky one hour, and then FakeGlobe the next. This makes re-infection a distinct possibility, as victims infected with one ransomware are still vulnerable to the next one in the rotation.Read More