In July, we came across a phishing email purporting to be a new order notification, which contains a malicious attachment that leads to the remote access tool Remcos RAT (detected by Trend Micro as BKDR_SOCMER.SM). This attack delivers Remcos using an AutoIT wrapper that incorporates various obfuscation and anti-debugging techniques to evade detection, which is a common method for distributing known malware.Read More
We observed a recent campaign that primarily targets financial institutions and governmental organizations in the South American region, particularly in Colombia. This blog post covers the activities we observed, the remote access tools (RATs) used, the campaign’s techniques and procedures, and its indicators of compromise (IoCs). Our findings indicate that the campaign appears to be the work of a group involved in business email compromise (BEC) or cybercrime, and unlikely to be an advanced persistent threat (APT).Read More
We recently came across a cyber attack that used a remote access Trojan (RAT) called Lost Door, a tool currently offered on social media sites. What also struck us the most about this RAT (detected as BKDR_LODORAT.A) is how it abuses the Port Forward feature in routers. Using this feature enables remote systems to connect to a specific computer or service within a private local-area network (LAN). However, when used maliciously, this feature allows remote attackers to mask their activities in the network and avoid immediate detection. Because this RAT is easy to customize, even knowledge of the indicators of compromise (which may change as a result) may not be sufficient in thwarting the threat. Easily customizable RATs like Lost Door can be hard to detect and protect against, posing a challenge to IT administrators.Read More
When it comes to threat investigations, we often treat the malicious binary as the smoking gun or the crown jewel of the investigation. However, examining the other components can produce the bigger picture that will be far more detailed than simply focusing on the binary.
By looking beyond one malicious file, we were able to determine that a slew of seemingly unrelated phishing emails were in fact, part of a campaign targeting banks and financial institutions across the globe. The attackers used other banks’ email accounts to send the phishing emails to their targeted banks in order to gain access and remotely control their computers. We are calling this campaign “Cuckoo Miner.” The attackers’ method of taking over legitimate inboxes to prey on victims echoes the cuckoo’s distinct act of tricking other birds into raising its chick by taking over their nests.Read More
Earlier this week the US government announced the arrest of more than 100 individuals linked to the Blackshades remote access Trojan (RAT). While most of those arrested were merely users of this RAT, the arrests included its co-creator, a 24-year-old Swede named Alex Yücel. Also arrested was a 23-year-old American named Brendan Johnston, who was involved in…Read More